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The Social Security Administration’s Listing of Impairments

What is the Social Security Administration’s “Listing of Impairments”? How Do You Know If Your Problem Qualifies You For Benefits?

The Social Security Administration (SSA) maintains a thorough Listing of Impairments, which highlights conditions deemed severe enough to prevent sufferers from remaining gainfully employed. Typically, impairments featured on this list are either permanent or expected to result in death.

Impairment Sections

The Listing of Impairments consists of two portions; Part A, which identifies adult conditions, and Part B, targeted at those under the age of 18. Criteria for Part A may be used among children if their condition has a similar impact on adults and minors.

The list is further divided into the following sections:

  • Musculoskeletal System
  • Special Senses and Speech
  • Respiratory Disorders
  • Cardiovascular System
  • Digestive System
  • Genitourinary Disorders
  • Hematological Disorders
  • Skin Disorders
  • Endocrine Disorders
  • Congenital Disorders that Affect Multiple Body Systems
  • Neurological Disorders
  • Mental Disorders
  • Malignant Neoplastic Diseases (Cancer)
  • Immune System Disorders

Each section consists of several specific categories. For example, the Mental Disorders section for adults includes categories for psychotic disorders, intellectual disorders, pervasive development disorders, and more.

How Long Should Impairments Last to Qualify For Benefits?

A specific duration may be indicated for certain disabilities, but typically, the SSA mandates that severe conditions result in continuous suffering for at least twelve months.

What If My Issue Is Not On the List of Impairments?

If the SSA does not list your condition, don’t panic; you may still qualify for benefits. Disabilities included in this document merely indicate that adjudicators must automatically move on to the next step in the process. More evidence may be necessary to prove that your problem warrants compensation.

The Listing of Impairments is not the be-all and end-all of Social Security disability, but it can provide excellent insight into your condition and its potential eligibility. Still not sure if you qualify for disability benefits? The experienced Social Security Disability attorneys at Smith, Wallis and Scott, LLP are happy to help.

Social Security Disability Case Evidence: Part Two

Social Security Disability Case Evidence: Part Two

What Types of Evidence Do You Need to Win a Social Security Disability Case? Part 2

Despite your best efforts to obtain evidence from your primary health care provider, you still risk being turned down for Social Security disability benefits. How can you defeat the odds win your case? Read on to find out.

Consultative Examinations

If initial assessments fail to garner approval for benefits, you may be asked to schedule a supplemental exam. The Social Security Administration mandates use of the treating source, unless that facility lacks appropriate equipment or the claimant otherwise has a good reason for using independent information.

Following the exam, the responsible health care professional will submit a report consisting of the injured party’s top physical or mental problems, the history of those complaints, the believed validity of said grievances, and anything unusual circumstances. The report may also include a statement indicating what the person can reasonably expect to accomplish at work. If the medical professional suspects mental impairment, he or she should indicate the individual’s ability to comprehend instructions and respond appropriately to typical workplace scenarios.

Symptom Considerations

A list of symptoms alone may not be enough to demonstrate that you deserve disability benefits. A variety of other factors may increase your suffering, making a seemingly minor grievance far more difficult to handle, particularly in the workplace. When assessing your current condition, your health care provider should take the following into account:

  • Intensity of pain or discomfort
  • Side effects of medication or other treatments
  • Other methods the claimant uses to relieve pain
  • Aggravating factors

Thorough evidence can significantly enhance your likelihood of coming away with the benefits you so desperately need during this difficult time. When in doubt, err on the side of more proof.

Reach out to Smith, Wallis and Scott, LLP today to learn how you can prove your eligibility for Social Security disability.

Social Security Disability Case Evidence: an Overview

Social Security Disability Case Evidence: an Overview

What Types of Evidence Do You Need to Win a Social Security Disability Case? Part 1

Merely claiming you have a condition worthy of Social Security disability is not good enough; the Social Security Administration (SSA) mandates that you provide ample evidence of your illness or injury. Thankfully, a variety of records and documents can be used to prove your eligibility. Keep reading to learn more:

Acceptable Medical Sources

The SSA highlights a variety of healthcare professionals who can be relied upon for proof of your debilitating condition. These medical experts play a critical role in assessing your impairment and gathering necessary evidence. They include:

  • Primary care physicians
  • Certified speech-language pathologists
  • Licensed optometrists
  • Qualified podiatrists

Other Sources

In select cases, non-medical sources may be called upon to confirm the presence of a severe physical or mental impairment. Often, this information is sought from school professionals who work with children suspected of having disabilities. Examples include school nurses, school psychologists, social workers, and caregivers. Alternative health care practitioners may also be called upon for insight into the patient’s condition. Adults seeking compensation occasionally obtain feedback from employers, volunteer coordinators, audiologists, or chiropractors.

Submitting Reports

Physicians and specialists may be asked to provide thorough reports about a particular patient’s impairments. Typically, these include the individual’s medical history, recent diagnoses, clinical findings, and prescribed treatments. Medical professionals may also be asked to submit detailed statements indicating what the person in question can and cannot accomplish due to the impairment. The focus should be on work-related activities, such as heavy lifting, carrying objects, traveling, speaking, or even sitting still for long periods of time.

A thorough understanding of required materials can greatly improve your chances of obtaining benefits. Contact Smith, Wallis and Scott, LLP today for assistance with finding and presenting the evidence needed to win your Social Security disability case

Georgia Workers’ Compensation Case Deadlines

Georgia Workers’ Compensation Case Deadlines

Critical Deadlines for Employers and Employees in Georgia Workers’ Compensation Cases

In the aftermath of a workplace injury, you enjoy some element of flexibility in filing for workers’ compensation. Official deadlines do not require you to file right away. If you fail to adhere to the proper timeline, however, you may forfeit your right to remuneration.

Giving Notice of the Disability

Recently injured on the job? The Georgia State Board of Workers’ Compensation mandates that you provide notice within thirty days of the incident, or thirty days after you discover the symptoms of a work-related injury.

Filing a Claim

If you fail to file a claim for workers’ compensation within a year, you’ll forfeit your right to remuneration. There are, however, a few exceptions:

  • If the employer paid weekly benefits due to the injury, the claim can be filed within two years.
  • When employers offer remedial care, filing must occur no more than one year after the final treatment.
  • Claim timelines may be extended in select cases involving mental incapacity, injury to minors, or employer fraud.

What If My Condition Changes?

If your disability becomes worse, you must file a claim within two to four years of receiving your final benefit payment, depending on the type of remuneration you intend to seek. If you fail to adhere to the two-year deadline, you may be barred from receiving future temporary disability or temporary partial benefits. You’ll become ineligible for permanent disability if you file after four years of receiving your last payment.

It’s not easy to determine the appropriate timing for filing your workers’ compensation claim. File too early, and the full extent of your injury may not yet be evident, leaving you with reduced benefits. Wait too long, and you’ll lose eligibility for compensation.

Struggling to keep track of important workers’ compensation deadlines? Smith, Wallis and Scott, LLP can give you a hand, so get in touch today.

Georgia Workers’ Compensation Reimbursements for CT Scans and MRIs

Georgia Workers’ Compensation Reimbursements for CT Scans and MRIs

What if You Need Surgery, an MRI, or a CT Scan Following Your Injury?

Workplace injuries often lead to severe health problems that must be assessed via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scans, and eventually, resolved through surgery. The added expenses of these treatments leave employers reluctant to provide necessary coverage. The Georgia State Board of Workers’ Compensation offers much-needed guidance for both employers and employees, as outlined below:


There is no legal mandate requiring advance communication between medical professionals, workers’ compensation administrators, and employees, but employers typically prefer to be notified before workers schedule major operations. Administrators can then work directly with injured workers and physicians to ensure that proper arrangements are made.

In emergency situations, employees should seek prompt care from the closest medical facility. Once out of immediate harm, they can visit a healthcare professional from the Posted Panel of Physicians. Employers are not responsible for any unauthorized treatments that occur following the emergency.

MRIs and CT Scans

Precertification is not required prior to scheduling an MRI or CT scan. However, contact the claims administrator first. If inappropriate delays occur prior to the test, the employer may be penalized.

Covering the Cost of Travel

Sometimes, workers must travel out of their way to visit approved providers for surgery or necessary scans. This mileage may be covered, along with parking expenses and some meals. Requests for reimbursement should highlight when and where the employee drove. This detailed information must be submitted within a year of the trip. If reimbursement is not provided within thirty days, the employer may incur a significant penalty.

By following instructions and timelines provided by the Georgia State Board of Workers’ Compensation, you can increase your chances of obtaining full compensation. Look to Smith, Wallis and Scott, LLP for counsel as you deal with surgery and other complications of workplace injuries.

Guide to Georgia Workers’ Compensation Vocabulary

Guide to Georgia Workers’ Compensation Vocabulary

Important Georgia Workers’ Compensation Terms Defined

To the uninitiated, workers’ compensation proceedings feel a bit like conversing in a foreign language. Struggling to make sense of the many confusing terms involved in your claim? A few essentials are outlined below:

  • Occupational Injury refers to any damaging condition that arose due to typical duties on the job, or as the result of a workplace accident.
  • Catastrophic Injuries render employees unable to perform previous duties that did not cause them suffering prior to a workplace accident. Examples include leg, arm, foot, or hand amputation; total blindness; traumatic brain injury; second or third-degree burns covering a significant portion of the body; or severe paralysis.
  • A Change in Condition indicates that the workers’ compensation beneficiary’s wage-earning capacity has changed, often because a previous injury has become more or less severe since the employee’s status was last established.
  • The Statute of Limitations defines when claims must be filed in order for employees to retain eligibility for benefits. In Georgia, the statute of limitation for workers’ compensation cases is one year after the date of injury, or after the responsible employer has covered the final medical treatment. Employees who fail to abide by this timeline risk forfeiting their right to remuneration.
  • A Controvert notice lets the State Board know that a claim for indemnity has been denied. To avoid penalties, this must be filed 21 days after the employer learns of the injury.
  • Subrogation allows employers to collect expenses from third parties responsible for workers’ injuries.

The more you understand basic terminology, the more capable you’ll be of meeting essential deadlines and remaining compliant with workers’ compensation law.

Let Smith, Wallis and Scott, LLP ease your workers’ compensation confusion — reach out today to schedule a consultation.

Did Your Social Security Disability Benefits Get Cut Off?

What are Some Reasons Why Your Social Security Disability Payments Might Stop (and What Can You Do About It)?

Social Security disability insurance (SSDI) benefits are never guaranteed; your compensation could stop after years, even decades of reliable payments. If benefits suddenly cease, one of two common culprits may be to blame: excessive income or improved medical condition.

You Earn Too Much Money

The Social Security Administration (SSA) can stop providing benefits if it deems your income substantial. As of 2016, this threshold was $1,130 per month for most disabled individuals, but $1,820 for blind SSDI recipients.

You Aren’t Ill Or Injured Enough

SSDI benefits only last as long as your medical condition. A swift recovery may result in a prompt halt to your disability payments. Unfortunately, only the SSA can determine whether you are truly healthy enough to no longer receive compensation.

What to Do if Benefits Stop

You have the right to appeal SSA decisions if you believe they were made in error. Request a reversal within sixty days of receiving notice of your halted benefits. If you fail to seek an appeal within that time frame, you must let the SSA know why you missed the deadline. If your request is made within ten days of receiving notice, you may continue to obtain payments as your case is re-examined.

Should you lose your appeal, you still have the opportunity to prove your eligibility for disability benefits. Following an initial reconsideration, your case may be presented in a formal hearing or even in federal court. Whether you appear in court or meet with a disability hearing officer, you will have the opportunity to submit evidence indicating that you are still disabled or that your income is not high enough to warrant a ceasing of benefits.

If you no longer receive Social Security disability, and you believe you should, contact Smith, Wallis and Scott, LLP to learn more about your options.

Read These 5 Books While Pursuing Your Social Security Disability Benefits Case

5 Books to Read to Help You Fill Your Time Constructively When Injured/Sick And on SSDI

Chronic illness and injury sufferers complain nearly as much about boredom as they do about the physical symptoms of their maladies. Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) benefits may be appreciated, but it’s tough to replace that sense of purpose that accompanies a regular workday. Instead of sitting at home and feeling sorry for yourself, tackle this reading list:

  1. David and Goliath: Underdogs, Misfits, and the Art of Battling Giants — Malcolm Gladwell

Whenever you feel defeated, grab this inspiring ode to the underdog, which reexamines stereotypes about advantage and disadvantage.

  1. Not Broken: Making the Transition to Living With Physical Disability — Andrea M. Orsini

Don’t let disability define you. “Not Broken” features valuable strategies for handling the mental, emotional, and social challenges associated with physical impairments. This valuable read will help you reclaim your personal power and momentum.

  1. At Home: A Short History of Private Life — Bill Bryson

Sitting at home isn’t so bad, as you’ll discover while paging through one of Bill Bryson’s most underrated works. You’ll learn more about the common household items you take for granted.

  1. Gilead — Marilynne Robinson

The deserved recipient of a Pulitzer Prize, “Gilead” tells the somber tale of Reverend John Ames, a small-town pastor with a devastating heart condition. The book demonstrates why faith is an integral component of daily life, even (or especially) for those dealing with terminal illness.

  1. Life Without Limits: Inspiration for a Ridiculously Good Life — Nick Vujicic

You won’t feel bad about your malady after reading “Life Without Limits.” Written by a man who lacks limbs, the book shows how anybody can lead an extraordinary life, regardless of disability.

Look to Smith, Wallis and Scott, LLP for assistance with the legal aspects of your Social Security disability benefits case.

What Happens After a Social Security Disability Overpayment?

What Happens When You Get a Social Security Disability Overpayment?

Social Security disability benefits allow you to make ends meet, but just barely. Unfortunately, if the Social Security Administration (SSA) claims that your payments are too high, you may suffer garnished tax returns or even be forced to write a check for the overpaid amount.

What Causes Overpayment?

Several circumstances prompt higher SSI or SSDI compensation than anticipated. Examples include:

  • Changes in living situation
  • Marital status updates
  • Resources beyond the allowable limit
  • Disappearance of disability
  • Failure to report any of the above changes

What Happens If My Payment Is Too High?

If the Social Security Administration discovers that you’ve received benefits beyond what you’re entitled, you may receive notice, along with a request for repayment within one month. The message may also include a plan for withholding future disability payments and the date on which the proposed withdrawal will begin.

What If You Don’t Think You Received Excessive Compensation?

If you feel you were paid correctly, request a reconsideration within ten days of hearing from the SSA. If you believe, however, you were overpaid but not due to any wrongdoing on your part, request a waiver. If granted, this will allow you to avoid repayment. First, however, you must demonstrate that you were not at fault, and that paying the SSA back would cause severe financial hardship. Be prepared to submit bills indicating that your monthly expenses approach or exceed your income. Consider seeking feedback from the SSA on the criteria used to determine whether you received more benefits than warranted.

What If Your Request Is Denied?

You have the right to appeal denial of your waiver request. However, if the SSA continues to insist that you were overpaid, withholdings from your monthly benefits payments may occur. If you no longer receive benefits, you can petition for monthly payments. Your overpayment may also be withheld from your federal tax return.

Whether you’re applying for Social Security disability, appealing a denial, or dealing with overpayment, you can count on Smith, Wallis and Scott, LLP for high-quality legal support.

Hurt by an Underinsured Driver in Georgia? Here are Some Options

What Should You Do If the Driver Who Hit You Had No Insurance…Or Not Enough Insurance?

The Insurance Research Council estimates that up to 11 percent of Georgia drivers lack insurance coverage. These uninsured individuals constantly put others at risk, leaving them on the hook for financial damages when collisions inevitably occur.

If the other person involved in your recent crash failed to maintain a mandated insurance policy, hope is not lost; you may be able to secure compensation for your accident. Additionally, you can take steps to ensure that you are prepared for future incidents with uninsured drivers.

Uninsured and Underinsured Motorist Coverage

Uninsured motorist coverage (UMC) protects motorists involved in accidents with those who drive without proper insurance. Underinsured motorist coverage (UIMC) is similar, but designed to accommodate crashes involving drivers who obtain the bare minimum — $25,000 in bodily injury liability for one person involved in a collision, $50,000 for all those in a single accident, and $25,000 in property damage liability, as mandated by Georgia law. The state does not, however, require drivers to purchase UMC or UIMC coverage — these are strictly optional. Insurance companies often hesitate to provide fair compensation for those with UMC or UIMC policies, so be prepared for a fight.

Taking Your Case to Court

If the other driver was responsible not only for your financial woes, but also for the accident itself, personal injury litigation may be possible. A skilled attorney can help you prove that the responsible party behaved negligently not only by failing to obtain necessary insurance, but also by exhibiting other reckless behaviors (such as speeding, running through stoplights, or driving under the influence of alcohol) behind the wheel. Consult with a trusted attorney to determine whether litigation is a potential approach.

Struggling to obtain compensation in the aftermath of an accident with an uninsured or underinsured driver? Get in touch with Smith, Wallis and Scott, LLP today to learn more about your options.